Form of christianity dating back to luther and calvin

The early churches of the Reformation believed in a critical, yet serious, reading of scripture and holding the Bible as a source of authority higher than that of church tradition.

The many abuses that had occurred in the Western Church before the Protestant Reformation led the Reformers to reject much of its tradition, though some would maintain tradition has been maintained and reorganized in the liturgy and in the confessions of the Protestant churches of the Reformation.

The etymology of the word protestant is derived from the Latin pro ("for") and testari ("witness") and/or protestatio ("declare").

Nowadays, this word is still preferred among some of the historical Protestant denominations in the Lutheran and Calvinist traditions in Europe, and those with strong ties to them (e.g. Above all the term is used by Protestant bodies in the German-speaking area, such as the EKD.

Protestantism as a general term is now used in contradistinction to the other major Christian traditions, i.e. Initially, Protestant became a general term to mean any adherent to the Reformation movement in Germany and was taken up by Lutherans.In continental Europe, an Evangelical is either a Lutheran or a Calvinist.The German word evangelisch means Protestant, and is different from the German evangelikal, which refers to churches shaped by Evangelicalism.This idea contains the four main doctrines on the Bible: that its teaching is needed for salvation (necessity); that all the doctrine necessary for salvation comes from the Bible alone (sufficiency); that everything taught in the Bible is correct (inerrancy); and that, by the Holy Spirit overcoming sin, believers may read and understand truth from the Bible itself, though understanding is difficult, so the means used to guide individual believers to the true teaching is often mutual discussion within the church (clarity).The necessity and inerrancy were well-established ideas, garnering little criticism, though they later came under debate from outside during the Enlightenment.

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